Disappearing lakes and depleting groundwater: the plight of Jharkhand

Four decades back, Jharkhand was drained by many rivers and lakes. Recent reports show the poor performance of the state in water management. The lakes that once adorned the state are slowly disappearing and the water table is critically falling due to colossal extraction


Jharkhand is a region with highly uneven land situations with successive plateaus, hills and valleys, drained by several large rivers such as Damodar, Subarnarekha, Barakar, Brahmani, and Baitarani. The vast stretches of forests add to its beauty which catch the eyes of all.

Rich in ores and minerals, the state itself contributes about 10% of the total fossil fuel minerals in India. A substantial part of the state falls under the Chota Nagpur Plateau region which can be further subdivided based on its physiography into Ranchi and Hazaribagh.